Persona

Nene Quimson: The last of patrician Manila

Leon Gallery auction brings to light the life and style of a Filipina from a gilded age— ‘a multi-colored rainbow—in personality, in fashion, in choice of friends, in many interests’

Portrait of Nene Quimson wearing Valentino by Betsy Westendorp

‘La Odalisca’ by Juan Luna, from Nene Quimson collection, will be part of the Asian Cultural Council Auction 2022 at Leon Gallery on March 5

(On March 5, 2022 at 2 pm, Leon Gallery will present the Asian Cultural Council Auction 2022, featuring some exquisite artworks that will go on the block. A highlight will be lots 50-67, featuring the collection of Maria de Los Angeles “Nene” del Rosario Tuason-Quimson. Included are works by Betsy Westendorp (such as a portrait of Nene in a Valentino dress), a pair of landscapes by Fabian de la Rosa, the stunning “La Odalisca” by Juan Luna, and two beautiful works by Fernando Amorsolo: “Mango Gatherers” (oil on canvas, dated 1970) and “Baluarte de Sta. Barbara, Fort Santiago,” a haunting Intramuros scene dated 1936. This profile of Nene Quimson also appears in the auction catalogue.-Ed)

Pre-war Manila was a vibrant city filled with grand visions and ambitions. Philippine Independence was in the air. Manila was second only to Shanghai, in terms of modernity, progress, and glamour.  Throughout the city, public parks were aplenty, fountains gurgled, great trees arched over the avenues, and the people had reasons to enjoy the outdoors. Many new buildings were being constructed. All kinds of American and European luxury goods were available at Escolta. Everyone was well dressed, be they businessmen or vendors.  Cleanliness was everywhere.  Optimism was the norm.  It was peaceful, disciplined, and progressive.

Manila was a beautiful city that could compare to the world capitals.  Social gatherings were frequent, and famous ladies like Angela Calvo Olgado-Zobel, Victoria Ledesma Lopez-Araneta, and the young Madrigal-Paterno sisters Macaria (Nena), Paz (Pacita), Josefina (Pinang), and Consuelo (Chito) gave parties left and right (Maria Luisa or Ising was too young).  It was a world of affluence, traditions, elegance, refinement, principles, and manners.  And it was in that golden world that Nene Tuason-Quimson (1935-2021) was born.

Nene Quimson, then President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo with Pope John Paul II

Nene recalled comically that her nickname should have been Nena, although there was little difference between the two. Her parents Pindong and Nening were expecting a baby boy to be a younger brother to their elder son Boy (Jose Ramon), but a baby girl came out. As an odd compromise, she was named Nene instead of Nena.

She and her three siblings Lita, Boy, and Boling grew up in the pre-war residence of her parents on Santol street in Santa Mesa, on land that had long belonged to the very old Tuason clan. The area was dotted with handsome pre-war residences of Tuason relatives and other prominent Manila families.

The Tuason-del Rosario house was in the 1930s Modern style that could have been designed by Juan Nakpil or Pablo Antonio. In 1959, her father, Pindong Tuason, moved his family to the post-war La Vista development in Quezon City, on land that was also ancestral Tuason. It was a modern residence with sloping gardens and pleasant views of the Marikina Valley where, yes, there was also ancestral Tuason land.

Pindong and Nening’s youngest daughter was educated at the exclusive St. Scholastica’s College run by Belgian and German Benedictine nuns in Manila. The all-girls school had a sterling reputation for producing intelligent, diligent, and hardworking young ladies. After graduating from high school, Nene and younger sister Boling were taken by their parents abroad, where they remained for 18 months; eight months were spent in New York City for Pindong’s eye surgery and recovery.

In 1953, fresh out of high school at only 17 years old, Nene married her beau John (Juan Tuason Quimson), who was 10 years older than she. They would be together for 35 years, until John’s passing in 1988.

Fresh out of high school at only 17 years old, Nene married her beau Juan Tuason Quimson, who was 10 years older than she

Among the Tuason cousins, Nene was closest to her first cousin Chuchay (Carmen Dos Remedios Tuason), the one-time Miss Philippines, daughter of Pindong’s younger brother Celso Zaragoza Tuason and Rosario Dos Remedios.  Nene’s close friends were invariably DBF (“de buena familia”) daughters: Menchu de las Alas-Concepcion, Judy Araneta-Roxas, Marilen Espiritu, Buda de Leon, Maridol Sy-Quia-Mabanta, Meldy de la Paz Ongsiako-Cojuangco, Nelly Tionko Lacson-Gonzalez, and Chito Paterno Madrigal. (Nelly Tionko Lacson was Mrs. Manuel Juan “Dindo” Tuason Gonzalez;  Dindo was Juan “John” Tuason Quimson’s maternal first cousin, as their mothers Paz “Paching” Gonzalez Tuason-Gonzalez and Consuelo “Tutung” Gonzalez Tuason-Quimson-Casas were sisters.)

After the 1986 Edsa Revolution, President Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco-Aquino appointed John Quimson as Ambassador to the Court of Saint James in London. It was an appropriate and laudable decision by Cory, as social position, high education, and personal elegance were qualities frankly valued by the conservative British establishment.  John was a perfect choice for Philippine ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.  Unfortunately, two and a half years into his tenure, John passed away.

After her husband’s untimely passing on 12 November 1988, with all her children grown and with their own families, Nene, the widow finding herself with an empty nest, finally decided that she would just enjoy life, have more time with friends, travel, and spend more time in her favorite places. It was at that time that she set up bases in Chelsea, London, Ascot, New York, and Boca Raton.  Those early widowhood years had Nene constantly on the move, and it would be her way of life for the next 30 years.

Nene was a lady who took pride in her homes and gardens. She was “houseproud” and consequently had high standards regarding domestic upkeep.  She had a loyal core staff whom she deployed wherever needed.  What was interesting was that, as she deployed her local staff abroad, conversely, she employed her foreign staff in Manila.

A Tuason granddaughter once comically described the Tuason way of life as ‘Popeye y comer, comer y Popeye!’         

A Tuason granddaughter once comically described the Tuason way of life as “Popeye y comer, comer y Popeye!”—meaning “Smoke and eat, eat and smoke!” or “Tobacco and food, food and tobacco!”  (Popeye refers to Popeye the Sailor Man, the 1929 cartoon character perennially smoking a pipe and eating a can of spinach.)

Nene Quimson with Pope Benedict XVI

Nene went much further than her Tuason elders and laid her tables not only with wonderful food but also beautiful chinaware, glassware, silverware and linens.  She said she liked to cook, or better yet, she liked to supervise the cooking.  While her breakfast tables were informal, even casual, her lunch and dinner tables were invariably formal and set in the English style, with layered chinaware and an array of silverware and glassware per place setting.

Her father, Pindong Tuason, liked to take his “La Quadra” (The Square)—a group of four (often more, so it was also “la cuadra,” the horse stable) Wack-Wack golf buddies who were mostly his family and Tuason-Legarda-Prieto-Valdes relatives—to travel everywhere, among them his younger brother Toto (Severo Zaragoza Tuason) and his first cousins Manoling and Chino (Manuel and Jose Mariano Legarda Valdes). The equally generous and gallant Nene took her friends, relatives, and family on several trips for company and fun as well.  (Like many Filipinos, Pindong and his brothers Nicasio, Celso, Toto, and sister Lulu—elder sister Carmencita passed away young—enjoyed many happy post-war times in the 1950s–‘60s. They passed away in the 1970s.  Pindong passed away in 1982.)

Golf was an inherited passion. Nene recalled: “My siblings and I practically grew up on a golf course, as my parents were always playing it.”  During their younger years (1960s–‘70s), John and Nene used to play golf every day at Manila Golf Club with Chito Madrigal and friends. It was a nice group.  They would play in the daytime, and there were wonderful dinners given nightly by various members of the group; same group, different houses. Nene played golf for 43 years of her young life, but stopped when John died in 1988; she played from the age of 10 all the way to 53.  She used to do brisk walking for seven miles a day, on and off the golf course. That was the reason for her slim figure.

John and Nene used to play golf every day at Manila Golf Club with Chito Madrigal and friends, and there were wonderful—same group, different houses

Bridge (or Contract Bridge), a trick-taking card game of skill, risk, and luck, was another inherited passion. “As a child of parents who played bridge, I also learned to play it,” Nene recalled.  Pindong and Nening Tuason were avid bridge players, and their Philippine Bridge Club was headquartered at their JMT building. Nene continued: “My husband played it for 23 years, but I did not play due to my other commitments. But now, I guess I am taking it quite seriously. Our bridge team participated in the Pacific Open and Beijing Olympics, followed by the first International Mind Sports Game tournament. It was a stiff competition and we did our best.

“Bridge, for me, is a kind of therapy. Isn’t it well known that those who play bridge seldom get Alzheimer’s disease?” She was hoping that the 2012 Olympics in London would have a bridge tournament, and that she would be invited to represent the Philippines.

Bridge took Nene everywhere. At a tournament of the Philippine Bridge Club in Medina, Seattle, she was introduced by her good friend, an English Lord, to none other than the Bill Gates, who was then a newbie at bridge.

Like all Tuason women, she was good with her hands. She liked crafting; she did sewing, embroidery, crochet, needlework, and petit–point embroidery. As with everything, Nene, her crafting hobbies took on a perceptibly royal air, as they were the very same pastimes of royal and aristocratic ladies in Europe and rich women in the US.

Like a true Tuason, she liked music. She liked playing the piano.  When in New York, she frequently attended classical music and opera performances at the Lincoln Center and at Carnegie Hall.  She even attended pop music concerts. The music of Michael Jackson and Madonna was not alien to her.  She liked dancing.  Disco music was not alien to her, either. She liked cooking, but she didn’t do it herself.  She would instruct other people to do it for her, following her recipes.

Nene’s principal philanthropy was the FWA-UK—the Filipina Women’s Association–United Kingdom, the charitable organization that she established with London-based Filipina friends in 1988. “It was the knowledge that there was no Philippine women’s organization in the UK and that it was time there was one, with the avowed aim of raising funds for the education of the underprivileged but deserving children in the Philippines, and of course, to uplift the image of the Filipino woman,” Nene explained.

At that time, Filipinas in the UK were disparaged as mere domestic helpers of the Arabs, and there was little regard for Filipina professionals.  As the wife of the Philippine Ambassador, Nene sought to uplift the reputation and improve the general perception of Filipinas in the UK—and she succeeded beyond measure.

From Nene Quimson collection, this painting by Betsy Westendorp is included in the Asian Cultural Council Auction.

Fernando Amorsolo’s ‘Mango Gatherers’ in the Asian Cultural Council Auction, from Nene Quimson collection

Fernando Amorsolo’s ‘Intramuros’ in the Asian Cultural Council Auction, from Nene Quimson collection

Pair of landscapes by Fabian de la Rosa in the Asian Cultural Council Auction, from Nene Quimson collection

“Education is the most important thing to give to the young people,” Nene declared about one of her charities.  She was a donor to the Asian Cultural Council in New York. Not known to many, she supported many Filipino musical scholars quietly for many years, among them the pianist Hiyas Hila.

Nene’s principal philanthropy, the Filipina Women’s Association–United Kingdom, worked to uplift the image of the Filipino woman

Maria de los Angeles (Nene) del Rosario Tuason (Nene, 2 August 1935–27 November 2021) was the youngest daughter of Jose Maria (Pindong) Zaragoza Tuason of the patrician Tuason family and Magdalena (Nening) Locsin del Rosario of the industrialist family that established the PHINMA conglomerate.

Pindong (who passed away in 1982) and Nening (who passed away in 1968) had four children:  Julia (Lita) passed away at 10 years old;  Jose Ramon (Boy) married Mercedes Reinares Arrastia;  Consuelo (Boling) married 1)  Angel Heredia and 2)  Vicente Reyes; and Nene married Juan Tuason (John) Quimson.

Pindong Tuason was an entrepreneur extraordinaire, an excellent lawyer-businessman who inherited the legendary Tuason nose for business.  At a time when many of his social peers were still managing and relying on their inherited haciendas, the forward–looking Pindong liquidated his inherited agricultural lands and real estate properties and invested the proceeds in corporate assets. As a direct result, he had seats on the boards of the country’s major corporations.

An astute investor, Pindong was always on the lookout for the next best thing. (Doubtless, he would have been fascinated by Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Elon Musk.)  A visionary, “JMT” (Jose Maria Tuason) was a force to reckon with in Philippine business.  Even Pindong’s maternal first cousin, Salvador Zaragoza Araneta, himself a highly successful man, admired Pindong’s business savvy.

Nene and John were married on 11 February 1953, and they had six children:  Consuelo (Wito),  John (Baby John),  Angeles (Lita), Ana Maria (Annette),  Enrique,  and Jose Luis (Joey).

John Quimson was the eldest son of Luis S. Quimson, the first Filipino pilot, and Consuelo (Tutung) Gonzalez Tuason, daughter of Pindong’s elder brother Juan Jose (Tintong) Tuason y de la Paz and Rosario (Lolai) Gonzalez of Cadiz, Spain.  Tutung was the one who built the first structure of the Lourdes Hospital in Mandaluyong city in the late 1940s for her second husband Dr. Carlos Casas, and she later donated it to the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit (SSpS).

Nene’s eldest daughter Wito reminisces: “She was heaven and earth, fire and rain, yin and yang.   At times she was hard to figure out, hard to get on with. At other times she was a joy to be with and super fun, discoing with us as teenagers in London’s Regine’s.

“Although she professed to be black and white in her beliefs, she herself was a multi-colored rainbow—in personality, in fashion, in her choice of varied friends and in her many interests.

“Tiny though she was, she was a bigger-than-life figure and dominated my entire life landscape. She married at 17 years old and had me at 18; she was still a child herself, barely an adult.

“And although like most mothers and daughters, we had our ups and downs, she was my best friend, she was my phone pal—we would talk to each other even four times a day—my chismis partner, my critic and my mentor.

“Mum, I promise you it will surely be difficult to envision the future without someone like you by my side.”

Nene’s elder son John remembers: “Mom was old school, and there was a certain formality to her, a certain distance. One could not be a ‘cozy friend’ with her, she just wasn’t the kind. Even we kids couldn’t approach her out of the blue; there was a certain way that that had to be done.  I guess she belonged to that conservative generation—you know, the perfect manners and distance and all.

‘Mom was old school, and there was a certain formality to her, a certain distance…she belonged to that conservative generation, perfect manners and all’  

“She was always well-groomed and well dressed as soon as she was out of her room, even in pambahay houseclothes at home.  All the more whenever she was partying in town.

“Life at home with Mom was organized. Breakfast was a casual affair with everything on the table or on the long cabinet at the side, and pretty much ‘serve yourself.’  However, lunch and dinner were formal, dressy ones. You know, all those plates and glasses and cutlery and staff to move everything.  That was how we lived everyday with Mom.

“However, despite all the formalities, we kids knew she loved all of us unconditionally.”

Nene Tuason-Quimson was among the very last of the patrician grandes dames of Manila.

With her resources and style, she joined the likes of lawyer-businesswoman Chito Paterno Madrigal, the swanlike sylph Meldy de la Paz Ongsiako-Cojuangco, the impossibly chic Baby Araneta-Fores, and a very few others in the pantheon of the all-time great Filipinas (including those from before the war:  Victoria Ledesma Lopez-Araneta, Pacita Ongsiako de los Reyes,  Conching Chuidian Sunico). As the esteemed social columnist Maurice Arcache liked to say, “Beauty, Brains, Breeding, and Bucks!!!”

It’s one thing to have an inheritance, and it’s entirely another to have style; many heiresses and socialites do not have style.  But to have both is an amazing privilege granted the very few. It is not enough to marry into a fortune; one must be born to it, and then, one must develop the style commensurate to one’s resources to be regarded as one of the “social greats.”  Tall order.  There is no style where there are no resources, after all.

And then the requisite heart of gold:  Nene was a generous giver and had many charities, but in true patrician fashion, kept them mostly to herself.  As Carolina Tuason y Gil de Sola de Zaragoza, another Tuason grande dame (daughter of Gonzalo Tuason y Patino and Isabel Gil de Sola, illegitimate daughter of Reina Isabel II de Espana), used to advise family members: “You know what you have, others don’t have to know.” In those respects, there were essentially no differences between the American legends Marjorie Merriweather Post and Doris Duke and Filipinas like Nene Tuason-Quimson.

Acknowledgments:

Teresa de la Paz and her Two Husbands: A Gathering of Four Families
Primos Unidos
The World of Felix Roxas”
Consuelo Tuason Quimson
John Tuason Quimson
Nilda T. Resano, Dulia Prado, and Eleanor Sy-Templeman

‘Los Tuason de Manila’

The Tuason family tree—and how the country’s wealthiest families are interconnected

Jose Maria (Pindong) Zaragoza Tuason (died 1982) was a son of Demetrio (Queso) Asuncion Tuason y de la Paz (Queso) and Natividad Zaragoza y Roxas.

Demetrio and Natividad had seven children: Pindong married Magdalena (Nening) Locsin del Rosario; Carmen (Carmencita) Zaragoza Tuason married Alejandro (Mandu) Roces Legarda; Nicasio Zaragoza Tuason married Pilar (Pilaring) Lim; Celso Zaragoza Tuason married Rosario (Chiching) Remedios; Lourdes (Lulu) Zaragoza Tuason married 1) Eduardo (Danding) Matute and 2) Ignacio Lacson Arroyo; Severo (Toto) Antonio Zaragoza Tuason married Paz (Ning) Jurado Acuna; Teresa (Teresing) Zaragoza Tuason married Emilio Gonzalez LaO’.

Queso was a son of Jose Severo Tuason y Patino (died 3 February 1874), fourth Lord of the Tuason mayorazgo (noble estate) and the Marikina native Teresa de la Paz y de los Santos (died 1890).

Jose Severo Tuason y Patino and Teresa de la Paz y de los Santos had seven children: Jose Victoriano Tuason y de la Paz (1864–78, heir presumptive to the Tuason mayorazgo, who died at age 13 in an accident in Metz, Germany, now part of France); Juan Jose (Tintong) Tuason y de la Paz (1865–1916), who married Rosario (Lolai) Gonzalez of Cadiz, Spain; Maria Teresa Eriberta (Tata) Tuason y de la Paz (unmarried, 1867–1951); Mariano Severo Tuason y de la Paz (unmarried, 1868–1940); Demetrio (Queso) Asuncion Tuason y de la Paz (1870–1927), who married 1) Ellen Foley and 2) Natividad (Naty) Zaragoza y Roxas; Augusto Umberto Tuason y de la Paz (1872–1936), who married Maria Paves; and Maria Soterrana Cristina (Muti) Tuason y de la Paz (1873–1936), who married Vicente Garcia-Valdes.

After the untimely passing of Jose Severo on 3 February 1874 at only 41 years old, Teresa, the 32-year-old widow, married his 21-year-old relative, Benito Cosme Legarda y Tuason II (1853–1915) on 7 March 1875, and they had three children: Benito (Bitong) Legarda y de la Paz III, who married the Barcelona-educated heiress Filomena Roces y Gonzalez; Consuelo (Titang) Legarda y de la Paz, who married the real estate heir and tobacco company executive Mauro Prieto y Gorricho; and Rita (Chata) Legarda y de la Paz, who married 1) L. James Donaldson-Sim (British manager of the Manila Railroad Company) and 2) Dr Benito Valdes y Salvador.

Rosa Roxas y Arce, entrepreneur par excellence, once owned seven large houses along upscale Calle San Sebastian, then the most elegant neighborhood of Manila

Natividad Zaragoza y Roxas was a daughter of Jose Zaragoza y Aranquizna and Rosa (Chata) Roxas y Arce. Jose Zaragoza was a man of letters and a bon vivant who published the landmark magazine La Ilustracion Filipina for several years; he was a Spanish mestizo, a son of the Spanish auditor of Compania General de Tabacos de Filipinas, the precursor of the behemoth Tabacalera tobacco company. Rosa Roxas y Arce was a businesswoman and entrepreneur par excellence whose main investments were in Manila commercial and residential real estate; among many Manila properties, she owned seven large houses (one for each child) along upscale Calle San Sebastian (later Calle R. Hidalgo), the most elegant neighborhood of Manila from the 1830s to the 1870s. Rosa Roxas y Arce was a member of the patrician Roxas clan of Manila, a granddaughter of Antonio Roxas y Ureta and Lucina Arroyo, both from Binondo, and was a second cousin to the heiress sisters Carmen de Ayala y Roxas de Roxas and Trinidad de Ayala y Roxas de Zobel (granddaughters of Domingo Roxas y Ureta, Antonio Roxas’ brother; Domingo and Antonio were the sons of Mariano Roxas and Ana Maria de Ureta).

A sister of Natividad, Carmen Zaragoza y Roxas, married Atty. Gregorio Araneta y Soriano from Molo, Iloilo, and begat the Araneta de R. Hidalgo clan. A brother, Elias, married Rosario Velez y Infante, a Spanish mestiza hacendera from Guagua, Pampanga. Another brother, Salvador Zaragoza y Roxas, married the heiress Carolina Tuason y Gil de Sola, daughter of Gonzalo Tuason y Patino and Isabel Gil de Sola (viuda de Agustin Westernhagen, one-time owner of Botica Boie), an illegitimate daughter of Reina Isabel II de Espana. Natividad’s youngest sister, Margarita Zaragoza y Roxas, married Carlos Preysler y Gonzales; Margarita was the great-grandmother of the famous Spanish-Filipina socialite Isabel Arrastia Preysler.

The Tuason clan goes back more than 260 years to the time before the British Occupation of Manila from 1762–64. In the first half of the 1700s, an industrious Sangley trader from Fujian named Son Tua settled in the Manila entrepot to expedite his business of exporting basic commodities and luxury goods of Chinese origin to the galleons of the lucrative but risky Manila-Acapulco trade. Grown rich through many years of hard work and serendipity, Son Tua volunteered his services to the Spaniards for the defense of Manila against the British.
After the British left Manila in 1764, the Spaniards rewarded the loyal Son Tua with a land grant: he could own all the land he could traverse in one day. The shrewd Son Tua stationed many horses in various locations in the lands he wanted. His horses galloped through vast lands in what are now Quezon City and Marikina City. He covered thousands of hectares on that single day.

Son Tua later hispanized his name to Antonio Maria Tuason. In 1795, the Spanish King Carlos IV gave the Antonio Maria Tuason family the right to establish a mayorazgo, a noble estate that would descend with primogeniture like the Spanish aristocracy. Thus, the Tuasons were the only Filipino family raised to the Spanish hidalguia nobility—the only ones of Chinese origin, in fact.

Antonio Maria’s son Vicente Dolores, the second Lord of the Tuason mayorazgo, purchased the 3,000-ha Hacienda de Mariquina and added it to the family holdings. Vicente Dolores’ son Mariano Tuason, the third Lord of the mayorazgo, purchased the Hacienda de Santa Mesa/Nagtahan, and also added it to the family holdings. Marikina and Santa Mesa, Diliman, and Cubao in Quezon City were the areas most associated with the extremely affluent Tuason family.

The Antonio Maria Tuasons were the first Chinese-Filipino family to attain great wealth and prominence in all of Manila and Las Islas Filipinas from 1764, followed by the rise of the Indo–Portuguese Barretto and Spanish Rocha families in the 1780s, the Spanish mestizo industrialist Domingo Roxas in the 1830s (Roxas–de Ayala–Zobel–Soriano), the Spanish cavalryman Jose Damaso de Gorricho in the 1840s (Pardo de Tavera and Prieto), the Sangley trader Palanca Tan-Quien-Sen in the 1850s (Limjap, et al; Palanca Tan-Guin-Lay, a later fortune), the Chinese mestizo trader and ship chandler Maximino Paterno Molo de San Agustin in the 1860s (Paterno and Madrigal), and the other Chinese-Filipino taipans in the 1880s-90s (Mariano Velasco Chuachengco, Telesforo Chuidian, Mariano Limjap y Barrera, Ariston Bautista y Lintingco, Guillermo Cu-Unjieng).
During the Revolution of 1896, two of the richest Spanish-Filipinos, Pedro Pablo Roxas y de Castro and Gonzalo Tuason y Patino, found political refuge in Paris, never to return to the motherland.

And that is how the Tuason, Legarda, Prieto, Valdes, Nieto, Rocha, Barretto, Calvo, Roces, Roxas, de Ayala, Zobel, Soriano, Melian, Zaragoza, Araneta (de R. Hidalgo), Velez, Infante, Brias, Toda, Preysler, de Gorricho, and Pardo de Tavera families are all interconnected. And by a stretch, the Ugarte, Aboitiz, and Ortigas families, as well—by blood and marriage.

Acknowledgments:

Teresa de la Paz and her Two Husbands: A Gathering of Four Families
Primos Unidos
The World of Felix Roxas
Salvador Zaragoza Araneta
Benito J. Fernandez Legarda
Georgina Zobel Padilla-Macrohon
Rosemarie Tuason Toda-Delgado

 

About author

Articles

Coming from a prominent Pampanga clan, he is a social historian who writes about Philippine social traditions as well as about the country's old families, their legacies and interesting histories. Better heard, as well as he is read, he is a favorite raconteur at Manila's social gatherings.

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